The anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the New World on October 12, 1492, is widely celebrated throughout the Americas. Celebration of the anniversary in Spain dates to 1935, when the first festival was held in Madrid. The day was known as Día de la Hispanidad, emphasizing Spain’s connection to the Hispanidad, the international Hispanic community.
As our company has Spanish roots, we want to mention the importance of Infrastructure Sector & Contractors & Civil Engineers in Spanish economy and how are recognised worldwide.
Our team is proud to celebrate in Bucharest, Belgrade and Cluj-Napoca the Spanish National day this year and we would like to highlight some of the best Infrastructure achievements of Spain wishing that Romania and Eastern Europe will follow through with this example.
- Renowned worldwide for high-speed rail
If there is a sector that Spain has been leading for years it is that of high-speed rail. Since the first AVE line in 1992 until today, Spain has become the no.1 nation in Europe in terms of the length of its high-speed network – more than 3,240 kilometres – and the second in the world, only surpassed by China. We don’t stand out just for length: according to a study by the Economic Studies’ Institute (IEE) in 2016, with data from the World Economic Forum, Spain has the fourth best rail network in the world in terms of quality, surpassed only by Japan, Switzerland and Hong Kong.
- Amongst the top 5 airports
In addition to high-speed rail, Spanish infrastructures stand out worldwide for their present airport network, one of the most modern in the world and with the highest air connectivity. It is ranked fifth in the world in terms of the number of connections with 325 domestic routes and 1,300 flights abroad.
- The leading country in Europe in terms of motorways and freeways
As far as the road system is concerned, Spain is ranked first in Europe in terms of kilometres of motorways and freeways according to the Ministry of Public Works. It has 17,163 kilometres of toll motorways, toll-free motorways, freeways and multilane roads. Germany as 13,000 kilometres and France around 12,000.
The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) for 2018, drafted by the Universities of Yale and Columbia, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum, ranks Spain 12th amongst 180 countries based on 24 indicators which include environmental health and ecological vitality.
- Spanish companies are ranked amongst the top companies worldwide with the most motorway concessions in the world according to Engineering News Record (ENR) and Publics Works Financing (PWF).
- As far as port infrastructures are concerned, three Spanish ports are on the list of the top ten in Europe with the most container traffic in 2018. Valencia, Algeciras and Barcelona. The report Top 200 container ports 2018, drawn up every year by Transporte XXI, indicated that in 2017 Spanish ports reached 16 million TEUs, up 5% on the previous year. A new record which consolidates Spain as the eighth power worldwide in this business and the second in Europe, behind Germany.
- Infrastructure combined with sustainability
At present 17.5% of the energy consumed in Spain is renewable, according to the Association of Renewable Energy Companies (APPA), about the average for the European Union. This percentage is even higher in the case of electricity generation, as almost 50% of electrical consumption derives from renewable sources, such as hydraulic, wind, solar and thermosolar, according to Red Eléctrica.